VIGILANCE FOR BRAIN CANCER

Brain cancer is a very serious form of cancer. Recently, Sen. John McCain revealed he has been diagnosed with a primary glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) – the most aggressive type of brain tumor. GBMs originate in the brain; it does not spread there from another part of the body. The cause is not known. This tumor has no relation to melanoma, the skin cancer for which McCain was treated in the past.

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QUESTIONS TO ASK ABOUT CHEMOTHERAPY

Chemotherapy is a standard treatment for cancer. It kills healthy cells along with cancer cells, inflicting damage on the body and seriously compromising the immune system. Chemotherapy also kills most rapidly dividing healthy and cancer cells, but not all the cells are fast growing. Cancer stem cells (CSCs), a small population of cancer cells that are slow growing and thus resistant to treatment, do not die. Chemotherapy makes these cells even more numerous as the ratio of highly malignant cells….

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RESTORING DIGNITY AND ’DOS

For many women facing cancer, the most devastating aspect is learning they may lose their hair due to chemotherapy.  “Most women tell me that as soon as they hear the oncologist say, ‘You’re going to lose your hair,’ that’s the last thing they remember hearing,” said Eric Johnson, co-owner, with his wife, Jeletta, of Hair Institute in Lexington. “They can deal with the sickness; they can deal with the treatments; but it’s the hair loss that gets them the most.

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Cancer vaccines are used to delay or stop the growth of cancer cells. However, they can be used for cancers that have already developed. Research has found it is difficult to produce a treatment vaccine but not as challenging to produce a preventive vaccine. Cancer vaccines are highly encouraged for all individuals, especially those at higher risk of developing cancer. Take preventative steps to ensure a healthy future for yourself by getting vaccines, having early detection screenings and reducing your risk factors.

Cancer is the second leading cause of death globally, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). The chances of getting cancer increase with age, obesity, tobacco use and many other risk factors. Cancer is caused by the transformation of normal cells into tumor cells that develop from precancerous lesions into malignant tumors. This process is caused by three external agents: physical carcinogens, chemical carcinogens and biological carcinogens.


Reducing risk factors is one way to prevent cancer. Between 30 percent to 50 percent of cancers can be prevented, according to WHO. Some examples of reducing risk factors include:



This encourages taking initiative and changing lifestyle behaviors. Another way to prevent cancer is to get regular cancer screenings and vaccinations. WHO reported vaccinations against human

WILL SCIENCE SOON DEVELOP VACCINES FOR CANCER?

TANIQUA WARD, M.S.

TaNiqua Ward is a staff writer for Health & Wellness magazine.

more articles by taniqua ward

papilloma virus (HPV) and hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections can prevent 1 million cancer cases each year.


Cancer vaccines can also be considered biological response modifiers. This process involves restoring the biological response modifier of the body’s immune system to fight against infections. The two cancer vaccines are classified as preventive and treatment. Preventive vaccines are intended to prevent healthy people from getting cancer. Treatment vaccines are intended to treat a current cancer by building up the body’s natural immune response to cancer. The two vaccines that are approved in the United States include the HPV and HBV vaccines. Chronic infections with HPV can lead to cervical, anal, oropharyngeal, vaginal, vulvar and penile cancer. Three main vaccines for HPV have been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). These vaccines are highly recommended for males and females between the ages of 9 and 26 years. Chronic HBV infections can lead to liver cancer. Two vaccines that have been approved by the FDA to treat this virus are offered to both males and females of all ages.