VIGILANCE FOR BRAIN CANCER

Brain cancer is a very serious form of cancer. Recently, Sen. John McCain revealed he has been diagnosed with a primary glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) – the most aggressive type of brain tumor. GBMs originate in the brain; it does not spread there from another part of the body. The cause is not known. This tumor has no relation to melanoma, the skin cancer for which McCain was treated in the past.

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QUESTIONS TO ASK ABOUT CHEMOTHERAPY

Chemotherapy is a standard treatment for cancer. It kills healthy cells along with cancer cells, inflicting damage on the body and seriously compromising the immune system. Chemotherapy also kills most rapidly dividing healthy and cancer cells, but not all the cells are fast growing. Cancer stem cells (CSCs), a small population of cancer cells that are slow growing and thus resistant to treatment, do not die. Chemotherapy makes these cells even more numerous as the ratio of highly malignant cells….

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RESTORING DIGNITY AND ’DOS

For many women facing cancer, the most devastating aspect is learning they may lose their hair due to chemotherapy.  “Most women tell me that as soon as they hear the oncologist say, ‘You’re going to lose your hair,’ that’s the last thing they remember hearing,” said Eric Johnson, co-owner, with his wife, Jeletta, of Hair Institute in Lexington. “They can deal with the sickness; they can deal with the treatments; but it’s the hair loss that gets them the most.

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Women who have never had diabetes but who have high blood glucose levels during pregnancy are diagnosed with gestational diabetes. Hormones from the placenta help the baby develop, but these hormones also block the action of the mother’s insulin. This is called insulin resistance. It makes it hard for the mother’s body to use insulin. She may need nearly three times as much insulin than before. Gestational diabetes starts when the body is not able to make and use all the insulin it needs for pregnancy. Without enough insulin, glucose cannot leave the blood and be changed into energy.


According to a 2014 analysis by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the prevalence of gestational diabetes is as high as 9.2 percent. Blood sugar usually returns to normal soon after delivery, but if you have had gestational diabetes, you’re at risk for developing Type 2 diabetes later.


Gestational diabetes may increase your chances of having high blood pressure and too much protein in the urine, a condition called preeclampsia. You may require a Caesarean (C-section) to deliver your baby because it may be large. Gestational diabetes usually develops during the last half of pregnancy, sometimes as early as the 20th week. It does not cause the kinds of birth defects sometimes seen in babies whose mothers had diabetes before pregnancy. However, untreated

WHAT IS GESTATIONAL DIABETES?

gestational diabetes can harm your baby. The baby may grow larger than usual, leading to difficulty during delivery, or there is the possibility of giving birth prematurely. You could have polyhydramnios or too much amniotic fluid (the fluid that surrounds the baby) in the womb, which can cause premature labor or problems at delivery.


Any woman can develop gestational diabetes, but you are at increased risk if you had gestational diabetes in a previous pregnancy, your body mass index (BMI) is about 30, you previously had a baby who weighed 9 pounds or more at birth and one of your parents or siblings has diabetes.


Pregnant women can help control gestational diabetes by eating a balanced, healthy diet based on whole grains, lean proteins, vegetables and other foods that release sugar slowly; exercising; and, if necessary, taking medication. About 15 percent of women with gestational diabetes need to take anti-hyperglycemic medication to balance their blood sugar. Controlling blood sugar can prevent a difficult birth and keep you and your baby healthy.

HARLEENA SINGH

Harleena Singh is a professional freelance writer with a background in teaching and education. She has a keen interest in food and health related issues and can be approached through her website freelancewriter.co. Checkout her blog and network with her on Google+, Twitter, and Facebook.

more articles by harleena singh