Brain cancer is a very serious form of cancer. Recently, Sen. John McCain revealed he has been diagnosed with a primary glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) – the most aggressive type of brain tumor. GBMs originate in the brain; it does not spread there from another part of the body. The cause is not known. This tumor has no relation to melanoma, the skin cancer for which McCain was treated in the past.



Chemotherapy is a standard treatment for cancer. It kills healthy cells along with cancer cells, inflicting damage on the body and seriously compromising the immune system. Chemotherapy also kills most rapidly dividing healthy and cancer cells, but not all the cells are fast growing. Cancer stem cells (CSCs), a small population of cancer cells that are slow growing and thus resistant to treatment, do not die. Chemotherapy makes these cells even more numerous as the ratio of highly malignant cells….



For many women facing cancer, the most devastating aspect is learning they may lose their hair due to chemotherapy.  “Most women tell me that as soon as they hear the oncologist say, ‘You’re going to lose your hair,’ that’s the last thing they remember hearing,” said Eric Johnson, co-owner, with his wife, Jeletta, of Hair Institute in Lexington. “They can deal with the sickness; they can deal with the treatments; but it’s the hair loss that gets them the most.


Use the buttons below to scroll through more great articles on health and wellness issues


Be Sociable, Share!

Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Delicious Share on Digg Share on Google Bookmarks Share on LinkedIn Share on LiveJournal Share on Newsvine Share on Reddit Share on Stumble Upon Share on Tumblr



© Health & Wellness Magazine - All rights reserved | Designed and Maintained by PurplePatch Innovations




subscribe to Health & Wellness

factors, such as diabetes or smoking, that may contribute to gum disease.

Treatment and prevention are critical to maintaining good oral health. The number and types of treatment will vary, depending on the extent of the gum disease. The main goal of treatment is to control infection. The doctor may also suggest changing certain behaviors, such as quitting smoking, as a way to improve treatment outcome.

Preventing gum disease begins with brushing your teeth twice daily with a fluoride toothpaste. Flossing daily to remove plaque from between teeth is also important. Visit your dentist for a check-up and professional cleaning at least twice a year.

More research is needed to clarify whether gum disease actually causes health problems beyond the mouth and whether treating gum disease can keep other health conditions from developing. It’s clear that controlling gum disease can save your teeth and gums and your smile – a very good reason to take care of it. For more information, contact the Kentucky Dental Association at (502) 489-9121 or visit its Web site. It has a link to find a qualified dentist in your area.

Sources and Resources:

Kentucky Dental Association (2017) Dental Information and Find a Dentist.

Do you smoke? Did you know smoking is one of the most significant risk factors associated with the development of gum disease? Smoking can lower the chances for successful treatment.

Has your physician told you that you have an autoimmune disease such as diabetes? Then you are at higher risk for developing infections, including gum disease. Other diseases such as AIDS and its treatments can also negatively affect gum health, and so can some cancer treatments. Hormonal changes may also be a risk factor; they cause gums to be more sensitive, resulting in gingivitis. There are also genetic factors that may lead to gum disease. Dental researchers have observed that people with gum disease are more likely to develop heart disease or have difficulty controlling blood sugar when compared to people without gum disease.

The basic cause of periodontal or gum disease is the bacteria in the mouth. These bacteria, along with mucus and other particles, constantly form a sticky, colorless plaque on teeth. Brushing and flossing help get rid of plaque. Plaque that is not removed can harden and form tartar that brushing doesn’t clean. Only a professional cleaning by a dental hygienist a couple of times a year can remove tartar. The longer plaque and tartar are on teeth, the more harmful they become. The bacteria cause inflammation of the gums, a condition called gingivitis,


in which the gums become red and swollen and bleed easily.

Gingivitis can usually be reversed with daily brushing and flossing and regular cleaning by a dentist or dental hygienist. This form of gum disease does not include any loss of the bone and tissue that hold teeth in place. When gingivitis is not treated, it can advance to periodontitis, or inflammation around the tooth. In periodontitis, gums pull away from the teeth and form spaces called pockets that become infected. The body’s immune system fights the bacteria as the plaque spreads and grows below the gum line. Bacterial toxins and the body’s natural response to infection start to break down the bone and connective tissue that hold teeth in place. If not treated, the bones, gums and tissue that support the teeth can deteriorate. The teeth may eventually become loose and have to be removed.

The signs and symptoms of gum disease include bad breath that won’t go away; red, swollen, tender or bleeding gums; pain when chewing; sensitive teeth; and receding gums. Any of these symptoms may be a sign of a serious dental problem and should be checked by a dentist. At your visit, the dentist or dental hygienist will likely ask you about your medical history to identify underlying conditions or risk


Thomas W. Miller, Ph.D., ABPP, is a professor emeritus and senior research scientist, Center for Health, Intervention and Prevention, University of Connecticut; retired service chief from the VA Medical Center; and tenured professor in the Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, University of Kentucky.

more articles by Dr thomas w. miller