CARDIOVASCULAR EXERCISE IMPROVES WOMEN’S HEART HEALTH

Heart disease kills millions of Americans each year. It is the leading cause of death for both men and women. The most common heart disease in the United States is coronary artery disease (CAD), which leads to heart attacks. One way to reduce your risk of CAD is to make some lifestyle changes, such as healthy eating, stress management and physical activity.   Physical activity is an essential part of being heart healthy. The American Heart Association (AHA) says you need at least 150 minutes of moderate....

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LATEST BREAKTHROUGHS IN BREAST CANCER TREATMENT

There are an estimated 2.8 million breast cancer survivors in the United States, a testament to the more than 25-year decline in mortality, according to the American Cancer Society. Still, 231,000 women will be diagnosed with the disease this year, and about 40,000 will die. Fortunately, there have been some exciting breakthroughs in breast cancer detection and treatment recently.

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PERSONAL TRAINING

If you’re looking for a safe, effective program that will help you get toned, become more flexible or lose weight, personal training could be for you.  A personal trainer will teach you proper form and technique to keep you safe and injury free. But first, he or she needs to know what your goals are – whether you want to lose weight, get healthy and tone up or train for bodybuilding, fitness competitions or powerlifting. Perhaps you’re an older person who wants to work on balance and stability.

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The only way to be sure how much you are eating is to weigh your food. In theory, people with type 1 diabetes should eat a diet of about 16 calories per pound of body weight. This means if you weigh 130 pounds, you should eat about 2,000 calories a day. This number may need to be adjusted down to prevent weight gain. Once you find the best schedule and calorie requirement for you, keep to that schedule, no matter how inconvenient it is. The alternative is wildly fluctuating blood sugar, which over time could result in complications such as kidney failure or circulatory problems that could result in blindness or foot or leg amputations.


Type 1 diabetes is believed to be an autoimmune disease, meaning the person’s immune system attacks its own body. Type 1 diabetes attacks and destroys the beta cells in the pancreas. Beta cells produce the hormone insulin. You cannot absorb nutrients from your food without insulin. People with type 1 diabetes must inject insulin since their bodies can no longer make it. People with type 2 diabetes, on the other hand, may have plenty of insulin circulating in their blood, but for various reasons, their bodies cannot absorb and use it. Often the number of active beta cells decreases as you age. This is why sometimes all an overweight person needs to do to “cure” his type 2 diabetes is lose weight. His pancreas may still produce enough insulin to support 150 pounds, but it no longer has enough active beta cells to support 250 pounds. When the person loses the extra weight, the symptoms of diabetes disappear.


With the help of your doctor and a nutritionist, find a regimen that keeps your blood sugar in the normal range so you can live a happy, healthy life.

Larry’s lunch companion watched as he ate a huge hamburger and gobs of French fries. Then he ordered sugar-free ice cream for dessert. Knowing Larry suffered from type 1 diabetes, his friend wondered how high his blood sugar would soar an hour or two after his meal. The expression on his companion’s face must have betrayed her.


“It’s OK,” Larry said in answer to her unspoken question. “None of this stuff has sugar in it.”


Larry is a victim of a common misconception: that people with diabetes, either type 1 or type 2, can eat anything they want as long as it does not contain ordinary table sugar.


Wrong. As anyone who has ever been serious about losing weight has discovered, it’s total calories that count. All the food we eat contains calories derived from one or more of three sources of nourishment: carbohydrates, protein or fat. Carbohydrates and protein generally yield four calories per gram. Fat yields nine calories per gram. Most of the protein and fat we eat comes from meat or cheese. Most of the carbohydrates come from fruits, vegetables and bread. Meats and fish typically contain only protein and fat. Adding butter, lard, flour, sugar or other ingredients to make a dish tastier naturally adds calories.

THE TRUTH ABOUT DIABETES AND SUGAR

MARTHA EVANS SPARKS

Martha Evans Sparks is a Staff Writer for Health & Wellness Magazine

more articles by martha evans sparks

Calories from all foods raise blood sugar, although the calories derived from protein and fat raise it more slowly than calories derived from carbohydrate. This is one reason Larry was in trouble. He was consuming fried potatoes, whose high fat content and calorie count would raise his blood sugar just as surely as if they had been carbohydrates. The potatoes themselves contained carbs, and Larry should have considered that as well.


Another thing Larry did not observe was spacing his food intake through the day. The normal pancreas of someone without diabetes secretes a continuous drizzle of insulin, increasing the supply when more food is eaten. Carbohydrate loading – eating a huge amount at one sitting, even if you plan to eat less later – usually will overwhelm the insulin dose or type 2 treatment, resulting in skyrocketing blood sugar. Often the best solution for this is a rigid meal schedule. This may mean eating breakfast at 7 a.m., having a midmorning snack of perhaps 100 calories at 10:30 a.m., eating lunch at noon and supper at 5:30 p.m. and having an evening snack of about 150 calories at 9 p.m. Each person must find his or her best schedule for food intake and stick with it.