EYEGLASSES MAKE A FASHION STATEMENT

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LOCAL SPOTLIGHT - KENTUCKY HEALTH SOLUTIONS

It is that most wonderful time of the year—no, we are not talking about Christmas. It’s Medicare’s Annual Enrollment Season. Yes, it’s the time of the year when we stress and spend hours on the phone or online shopping for health coverage. The pain of having to shop health coverage, spend hours on the phone or online with one company vs another for our health insurance can be a daunting task. It does not matter if you are on Medicare or looking for your personal insurance, this can be one of the most….

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When you consider what defines healthy eyes, among the criteria is good vision. The American Optometric Association says the term 20/20 vision is used to express normal visual acuity (the clarity or sharpness of vision) measured at a distance of 20 feet. If you have 20/20 vision, you can see clearly at 20 feet what should normally be seen at that distance. Visual acuity is usually measured with a Snellen chart. It’s likely everyone has seen the Snellen chart – usually starting with a huge “E,” .....

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The only way to be sure how much you are eating is to weigh your food. In theory, people with type 1 diabetes should eat a diet of about 16 calories per pound of body weight. This means if you weigh 130 pounds, you should eat about 2,000 calories a day. This number may need to be adjusted down to prevent weight gain. Once you find the best schedule and calorie requirement for you, keep to that schedule, no matter how inconvenient it is. The alternative is wildly fluctuating blood sugar, which over time could result in complications such as kidney failure or circulatory problems that could result in blindness or foot or leg amputations.


Type 1 diabetes is believed to be an autoimmune disease, meaning the person’s immune system attacks its own body. Type 1 diabetes attacks and destroys the beta cells in the pancreas. Beta cells produce the hormone insulin. You cannot absorb nutrients from your food without insulin. People with type 1 diabetes must inject insulin since their bodies can no longer make it. People with type 2 diabetes, on the other hand, may have plenty of insulin circulating in their blood, but for various reasons, their bodies cannot absorb and use it. Often the number of active beta cells decreases as you age. This is why sometimes all an overweight person needs to do to “cure” his type 2 diabetes is lose weight. His pancreas may still produce enough insulin to support 150 pounds, but it no longer has enough active beta cells to support 250 pounds. When the person loses the extra weight, the symptoms of diabetes disappear.


With the help of your doctor and a nutritionist, find a regimen that keeps your blood sugar in the normal range so you can live a happy, healthy life.

Larry’s lunch companion watched as he ate a huge hamburger and gobs of French fries. Then he ordered sugar-free ice cream for dessert. Knowing Larry suffered from type 1 diabetes, his friend wondered how high his blood sugar would soar an hour or two after his meal. The expression on his companion’s face must have betrayed her.


“It’s OK,” Larry said in answer to her unspoken question. “None of this stuff has sugar in it.”


Larry is a victim of a common misconception: that people with diabetes, either type 1 or type 2, can eat anything they want as long as it does not contain ordinary table sugar.


Wrong. As anyone who has ever been serious about losing weight has discovered, it’s total calories that count. All the food we eat contains calories derived from one or more of three sources of nourishment: carbohydrates, protein or fat. Carbohydrates and protein generally yield four calories per gram. Fat yields nine calories per gram. Most of the protein and fat we eat comes from meat or cheese. Most of the carbohydrates come from fruits, vegetables and bread. Meats and fish typically contain only protein and fat. Adding butter, lard, flour, sugar or other ingredients to make a dish tastier naturally adds calories.

THE TRUTH ABOUT DIABETES AND SUGAR

MARTHA EVANS SPARKS

Martha Evans Sparks is a Staff Writer for Health & Wellness Magazine

more articles by martha evans sparks

Calories from all foods raise blood sugar, although the calories derived from protein and fat raise it more slowly than calories derived from carbohydrate. This is one reason Larry was in trouble. He was consuming fried potatoes, whose high fat content and calorie count would raise his blood sugar just as surely as if they had been carbohydrates. The potatoes themselves contained carbs, and Larry should have considered that as well.


Another thing Larry did not observe was spacing his food intake through the day. The normal pancreas of someone without diabetes secretes a continuous drizzle of insulin, increasing the supply when more food is eaten. Carbohydrate loading – eating a huge amount at one sitting, even if you plan to eat less later – usually will overwhelm the insulin dose or type 2 treatment, resulting in skyrocketing blood sugar. Often the best solution for this is a rigid meal schedule. This may mean eating breakfast at 7 a.m., having a midmorning snack of perhaps 100 calories at 10:30 a.m., eating lunch at noon and supper at 5:30 p.m. and having an evening snack of about 150 calories at 9 p.m. Each person must find his or her best schedule for food intake and stick with it.