CARDIOVASCULAR EXERCISE IMPROVES WOMEN’S HEART HEALTH

Heart disease kills millions of Americans each year. It is the leading cause of death for both men and women. The most common heart disease in the United States is coronary artery disease (CAD), which leads to heart attacks. One way to reduce your risk of CAD is to make some lifestyle changes, such as healthy eating, stress management and physical activity.   Physical activity is an essential part of being heart healthy. The American Heart Association (AHA) says you need at least 150 minutes of moderate....

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LATEST BREAKTHROUGHS IN BREAST CANCER TREATMENT

There are an estimated 2.8 million breast cancer survivors in the United States, a testament to the more than 25-year decline in mortality, according to the American Cancer Society. Still, 231,000 women will be diagnosed with the disease this year, and about 40,000 will die. Fortunately, there have been some exciting breakthroughs in breast cancer detection and treatment recently.

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PERSONAL TRAINING

If you’re looking for a safe, effective program that will help you get toned, become more flexible or lose weight, personal training could be for you.  A personal trainer will teach you proper form and technique to keep you safe and injury free. But first, he or she needs to know what your goals are – whether you want to lose weight, get healthy and tone up or train for bodybuilding, fitness competitions or powerlifting. Perhaps you’re an older person who wants to work on balance and stability.

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Sources and Resources:


Lowe, M.R. and Butryn, M.L. (2007) Hedonic hunger: a new dimension of appetite?

Physiological Behavior. 2007 Jul 24; 91(4):432-9. WebMD (2017) Food and Recipes Overview. (www.webmd.com/food-recipes/default.html)

Obesity and weight management are the focus of many people’s lives. Recognizing people have struggled for centuries to manage weight, the challenges continue to present problems in the 21st century, and they are getting worse. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports an annual increase in obesity at the rate of 11 percent for the past five years. Weight-loss products include food, drugs, supplements, services, ingredients, devices, accessories and cosmetics.


Human beings are designed to consume food. They eat to maintain the nutrition necessary for survival. So why is it so difficult to manage or lose weight? Obesity is not just caused by a lack of knowledge or laziness, nor is it an indication of emotional instability.


Several factors play a role in obesity, including genetics, biology and environment.


Each person has to make choices about when to eat, what to eat and how much to eat. In contrast to our ancestors, whose primary task was to seek out any food that would provide energy and nutrients, the choices have become more difficult in today’s world. In Western or Westernized societies in particular, food is cheap and abundant, available through a considerable variety of outlets. In our society, eating is fundamentally a rewarding behavior. The choices we make and how much

THE PSYCHOLOGY OF WEIGHT MANAGEMENT

we consume affects how we feel, thus influencing our moods, emotions and resulting behavior, according to WebMD.


Once we make up our minds to change a bad habit, why do we find ourselves falling back into it? Why can’t we simply make a decision and get on with it? Eating can be triggered even in the absence of hunger or extended beyond satiation (Lowe and Butryn, 2007). Numerous factors are known to determine or guide eating behavior implicitly. For instance, eating may be initiated or prolonged by the presence of other individuals with whom we associate and by their thinking and behavior.


Food choices and consumption are also strongly influenced by environmental factors that include advertising, packaging, emotion, lighting and incentives to buy bigger things. As a consequence, constantly monitoring and self-regulating your eating behavior is necessary in order to eat healthily. The psychology of weight man- agement is in our patterns of thinking and translating that thinking into behavior. We want to eat healthily and enjoy the rewarding aspects of food without falling prey to the loss of control we sometimes experience because of poor choices.  

DR. THOMAS W. MILLER, PH.D, ABPP

Thomas W. Miller, Ph.D., ABPP, is a professor emeritus and senior research scientist, Center for Health, Intervention and Prevention, University of Connecticut; retired service chief from the VA Medical Center; and tenured professor in the Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, University of Kentucky.

more articles by Dr thomas w. miller