CARDIOVASCULAR EXERCISE IMPROVES WOMEN’S HEART HEALTH

Heart disease kills millions of Americans each year. It is the leading cause of death for both men and women. The most common heart disease in the United States is coronary artery disease (CAD), which leads to heart attacks. One way to reduce your risk of CAD is to make some lifestyle changes, such as healthy eating, stress management and physical activity.   Physical activity is an essential part of being heart healthy. The American Heart Association (AHA) says you need at least 150 minutes of moderate....

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LATEST BREAKTHROUGHS IN BREAST CANCER TREATMENT

There are an estimated 2.8 million breast cancer survivors in the United States, a testament to the more than 25-year decline in mortality, according to the American Cancer Society. Still, 231,000 women will be diagnosed with the disease this year, and about 40,000 will die. Fortunately, there have been some exciting breakthroughs in breast cancer detection and treatment recently.

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PERSONAL TRAINING

If you’re looking for a safe, effective program that will help you get toned, become more flexible or lose weight, personal training could be for you.  A personal trainer will teach you proper form and technique to keep you safe and injury free. But first, he or she needs to know what your goals are – whether you want to lose weight, get healthy and tone up or train for bodybuilding, fitness competitions or powerlifting. Perhaps you’re an older person who wants to work on balance and stability.

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During menopause, the lining of the urethra becomes thinner, drier and less elastic because of declining estrogen levels. This can lead to an increased risk of urinary tract infections (UTIs), urine leakage or the need to urinate more often. Some women experience vaginal dryness or pain with sexual intercourse. Women also find they have a decreased libido. It’s common to feel less interested in sex during menopause.


Rapid bone loss is common during the perimenopausal years. Most women reach their peak bone density at age 25 to 30 years. After that, bone loss averages 0.13 percent per year, which accelerates to a 3-percent loss during the perimenopausal years. Bone loss can cause osteoporosis, which increases the risk of bone fractures.


Heart disease risk increases after menopause. Women who had their ovaries removed surgically at an early age have a higher risk of heart disease. Cholesterol profiles change, with the LDL (bad) cholesterol increasing.

Menopause is the absence of menstrual periods for 12 months – the time in a woman’s life when the ovaries cease to function and she can no longer reproduce. It is a gradual process that can occur as early as the 30s or as late as the 60s, though the average age is 51 years.


As a woman reaches menopause, her menstrual periods may occur more frequently or they may get farther and farther apart before stopping altogether. Common symptoms of menopause include fatigue, hot flashes, mood changes, stress, irritability and depression. Some women experience insomnia, headaches, joint and muscle aches and pains, changes in sex drive, bladder control problems, vaginal dryness and itching. Sometimes hot flashes are accompanied by night sweats, resulting in a lack of sleep and daytime tiredness. Complications some women may develop after menopause include heart disease and osteoporosis.


A hot flash – a feeling of warmth that spreads over the body, usually lasting between 30 seconds and 10 minutes – is common among women undergoing menopause. It is sometimes followed by perspiration, according to the National Institute on Aging. Hot flashes are likely due to a combination of biochemical and hormonal fluctuations brought on by declining estrogen levels. Most women experience hot flashes for a year or two after their final menstrual period.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF MENOPAUSE

HARLEENA SINGH

Harleena Singh is a professional freelance writer with a background in teaching and education. She has a keen interest in food and health related issues and can be approached through her website freelancewriter.co. Checkout her blog and network with her on Google+, Twitter, and Facebook.

more articles by harleena singh

Emotional and cognitive symptoms of menopause include memory problems, irritability, fatigue and rapid mood changes. Some women may find it hard to concentrate for long periods of time.


Some women report some degree of weight gain as they go through menopause. The distribution of body fat may change, being deposited more in the waist and abdominal area than in the hips and thighs. The skin texture may change, with wrinkles and even acne appearing, while some women may experience hair growth on the upper lip, chin, abdomen or chest.


Many natural products have been studied for their ability to relieve menopause symptoms, but none has clearly been shown to be helpful. Some can have harmful side effects or interact with other drugs. Leading a healthy lifestyle, including following a proper diet and exercise, helps women during menopause.


Sources and Resources  


Emedicine Health (www.emedicinehealth.com)

Healthline.com (www.healthline.com)

Medical News Today (www.medicalnewstoday.com)

MedicineNet (www.medicinenet.com)

MedlinePlus (www.medlineplus.gov)

National Institutes of Health (NIH) (www.nichd.nih.gov)

The North American Menopause Society (NAMS) (www.menopause.org)

WebMd (www.webmd.com)