SENSORY INTEGRATION IMPORTANT FOR BALANCE

What happened the last time you went on the Mad Tea Party ride at DisneyWorld? Did you enjoy yourself initially, but as the ride went on, did you start to feel sick and disoriented? When you closed your eyes, however, you probably felt much better. And you were immensely glad when the ride ended and you could get your bearings again.

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NEW TECHNOLOGY INSTRUMENTAL IN RECOVERING FROM CONCUSSION

Professional sports teams, as well as high school and college teams, are increasing their awareness and protocols for assessing acquired brain injury, also known as concussions. Teams want to be sure their athletes are 100 percent ready to return to the field after suffering a concussion.  One crucial thing a concussion does is affect your ability to point your eyes, so a prime way to evaluate the severity of a hit is through eye tracking. Eye tracking measures the eyes’ ability to work together.

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VISION THERAPY AND ACQUIRED BRAIN INJURY

The eye is amazing. Did you know more than 1.9 million fibers come from the eye into the brain? Each of those fibers creates its own pathway to the brain and has its own distinct function. So when someone has a stroke or other acquired brain injury (ABI), vision is often affected.  ABIs include concussions suffered in severe sports-related hits or a car accident, as well as cerebral or vascular strokes. An ABI can affect both neurological pathways in the eye, the focal or parvocellular pathway, which is....

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SEE HOW YOU’RE DRIVING

Unlike some other skills we use in our everyday lives, driving relies almost exclusively on our sense of sight. We feel our feet on the ground as we move about or know we are sitting in a chair; we are fully aware of our surroundings. This sensory information lets us know where the ground or chair is. When you are driving, there is no movement of your body. It is totally about your vision and how precisely your two eyes work together. If your eyes are not aligned perfectly, you may think an object is closer or farther away than it actually is. This is how fender benders happen – through misjudging distances. Spatial awareness is a necessary visual skill for safe driving.


One aspect of being a good driver starts with good acuity, which is the ability to see well and identify things, such as signs on the road. When we are driving, a kind of tunnel vision comes into play. Our focus is ahead, paying attention to what is coming towards us, not to the sides, and unfortunately the majority of collisions come from the side. Enhancing peripheral vision and your useful field of vision can make a difference in these types of accidents. Drivers can learn how to relax, create a more open field of view and keep their gaze constantly moving to avoid accidents.


Many drivers experience problems with glare, which occurs when polarized light reflects off a flat surface such as water or snow.

Some cars have tinted windows, but a pair of polarized sunglasses can work better. A polarized filter is comparable to a Venetian blind because it cuts out the glaring light but still lets the regular light in. This is very important for driving safety. It can mean the difference between seeing a child running out from between parked cars versus hitting your brakes too late.


Dynamic acuity is another important part of driving. Many people can see things when they are stationary, but once the object or the person starts moving, they have trouble locking in on it and maintaining clarity. Processing speed impacts dynamic acuity. You can only process one or two things at a time. Is it possible to improve your reaction time? The recognize and response mechanism can be enhanced by working with a behavioral optometrist. He or she will first help you see things more clearly by adjusting your eyeglasses. You may work with a device that helps you improve reaction time. Only a few states require drivers to take an eye-chart test when they renew their licenses. Perhaps it is time more states had this requirement.

The biggest problem on the road today is distracted driving. With so many buttons, gizmos and gadgets in our cars – not to mention phones – it is easy to take your eyes off the road “for a just a second.” The best advice is to put away the distractions and don’t pick up your phone until you arrive safely at your destination.

DR. RICK GRAEBE

Dr. Graebe received both his B.S degree in Visual Science and Doctorate of Optometry from Indiana University. He is a Behavioral Optometrist and learning expert. He has been in private practice here in the Bluegrass area for the past 32 years.

more articles by dr rick graebe