HERBS FOR HEALTH MANAGEMENT

Herbs are a foundational root in medicine and health treatments, dating back thousands of years throughout every culture around the world. Modern Western herbalism comes from ancient Egypt. The Greeks developed a comprehensive philosophy of herbal medicine by 100 BCE and the Romans built upon it to create a variety of medical practices, some of which are still used today.

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ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE IMPACTS PSYCHOLOGICAL HARDINESS

Psychological hardiness is an individual’s resistance to stress, anxiety and depression. It includes the ability to withstand grief and accept the loss of loved ones. Alternative medicine is a more popular term for health and wellness therapies that have typically not been part of conventional Western medical approaches but are often used along with conventional medicinal protocols.  Coping and dealing with stress in a positive manner play a major role in maintaining the balance needed for health and well-being.

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ALTERNATIVE REMEDIES FOR ANXIETY AND DEPRESSION

Interest in complimentary and alternative medicine (CAM) is increasing as consumers and health care professionals search for additional ways to treat anxiety, depression and other mental health disorders. Some of these remedies include:

St. John’s Wort.  More than 30 studies show it to be effective for treatment of mild forms of depression,…

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Behaviors such as bullying, hurting another’s feelings, ridiculing, name calling and targeting personal self-worth can cause psychological harm. What is society’s stance on fairness, justice and individual rights, exemplified by broken promises, discrimination, refusing to share with others and destroying others’ property? Ethical and moral values promote positive thinking and behaviors such as helping others in need, sharing one’s wealth and caring for others in our global society.


Where is America today as we examine the spectrum of ethical and moral issues facing our country? There is a wider distribution of American consciences across the stages of moral development, which finds wider variability in ethical and moral thinking and behavior. Over time, autocrats, dictators and despots have diminished moral standards through shifts in leadership styles. These become the model for others. What is clearly evident is moral development plays an important role in our 21st-century society, our shifts in behavior, our social interactions with others and our growth and development as a global community. These shifts in thinking and behavior are shaping the relationships we have with others and reflect the changes in our ethical and moral standards of behavior in today’s world.


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MORAL DEVELOPMENT IS A LEARNING EXPERIENCE

in which he or she lives. There are stages of understanding. One of these stages is social learning theory, which suggests human beings develop a conscience by learning the rules of acceptable behavior from those who raise them and from the environment in which they are raised. Another model proposes instead that morality develops through humans’ conflict between their basic instinctual drives, the demands of society and the way they learn to satisfy and meet basic needs. A third school of thought views morality as an outgrowth of the reasoning process in deciding what is right from wrong in a variety of situations. A more holistic approach tends to take into account all the factors that contribute to a situation or dilemma and then decides what is the correct or right decision based on one’s conscience development.


Americans are undergoing a moral transformation driven by the changing mores, values and ethical standards of our global society. Traditional moral systems are mechanisms for cooperation but today they appear absent or seriously compromised in our political world. People distinguish between rules that are conventional and those that are convenient. They identify moral issues as those having to do with personal welfare and physical harm, such as running a stop sign, going through red lights, shoving in line, abusing and assaulting others.

DR. THOMAS W. MILLER, PH.D, ABPP

Thomas W. Miller, Ph.D., ABPP, is a Professor Emeritus and Senior Research Scientist, Center for Health, Intervention and Prevention, University of Connecticut and Professor, Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine and Department of Gerontology, College of Public Health, University of Kentucky.

more articles by Dr thomas w. miller

Distinguishing right from wrong is a very crucial step in learning for all human beings. Morality defines the values of a specific group at a specific point in time. Morality has tended to follow religious traditions, but today its significance must be recognized for a secular world as well.


Ethics represent a moral code practiced by a person or group based on the group’s values. Ethical practice in the business world, for example, is guided by a “code of conduct,” set in place by a business or governmental agency, that employees are expected to follow. Ethics and morality are the foundation for the development of the “conscientious person” – a person with emotional health and social well-being.


When does moral development begin in life? It begins with the circumstances into which a person is born and raised. Moral development involves the formation of a system of beliefs, values, attitudes and behaviors that serve as the basis for decision-making and creating a conscience as to who we are as human beings.


Asking the question about how moral development emerges in life was the focus of researcher Dr. Lawrence Kohlberg. He is credited with initiating the scientific study of moral development. An American psychologist, he built upon the work of Jean Piaget in understanding cognitive reasoning and how a human being matures in the society