FEMALE INFERTILITY HAS MANY FACTORS

Infertility means being unable to get pregnant after at least one year of trying (or six months if the woman is over age 35). Infertility results from female factors about one-third of the time and male factors about one-third of the time. If a woman keeps having miscarriages, this is also called infertility. Female infertility contributes to nearly 50 percent of all infertility cases.

….FULL ARTICLE

UNDERSTANDING DEPRESSION IN WOMEN

Depression is a common but serious mood disorder. It reveals itself through symptoms such as hopelessness, pessimism, irritability, guilt, helplessness and decreased energy or fatigue lasting at least two weeks or longer. About twice as many women as men experience depression. Several factors may increase a woman’s risk of depression.

….FULL ARTICLE

RECOVERING FROM A HEART ATTACK

What happens now?  That is a question you could ask after surviving a heart attack.  How do you take care of yourself afterwards so that there is no repeat?  According to Family Doctor (www.familydoctor.org), a heart attack happens when part of the heart muscle is damaged or dies because it does not receive enough oxygen. The blood in the coronary arteries carries oxygen to the heart muscle. Most heart attacks occur when a blockage slows down or stops the flow of blood through these arteries.

….FULL ARTICLE

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After being exposed to the images, the participants completed a memory test. The female participants were able to recall significantly more of the images than their male counterparts. The women had a particularly enhanced ability to recall the positive images. The study’s lead author, Dr. Annette Milnik, hypothesizes gender-dependent differences in emotional processing and memory are due to different mechanisms in the brain.


More specifically, the data suggested men have less reactivity to negative emotional images, which is linked with decreased activity in the motor regions of the brain. It may also suggest this is why men show less reactivity to various forms of trauma encountered in war and violent life experiences.


Sources and Resources


•  Lee, R., Arfanakis, K., Evia, A.M., Fanning, J., Keedy, S., Coccaro, E.F. (2017). White matter integrity reductions in intermittent explosive disorder. Neuropsychopharmacology.


•  Plutchik, Robert. (2002). Emotions and Life: Perspectives from Psychology, Biology, and Evolution, Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.  

It is well known men are wired differently than women when it comes to emotions. Emotion is a complex psychological state that involves three distinct components: a subjective experience, a physiological response and a behavioral or expressive component. Are women “wired” to be more emotional than men? Not exactly, but new research provides more evidence that the male and female brain may have very different ways of processing emotions. Previous research has shown women generally experience higher levels of emotional stimulation than men. Now, a large scale study from the University of Basel suggests gender differences in emotion processing are linked to variations in memory and brain activity.


Feelings of happiness and pleasure are linked to the pre-frontal cortex in the brain. Anger, fear, sadness and other negative emotions are linked to the amygdala. All human behavior can be broken down into four basic emotions, according to research by Glasgow University. The study has challenged a commonly held belief that there are six basic emotions of happiness, sadness, fear, anger, surprise and disgust.


Dr. Robert Plutchik (2002) is credited with developing a psycho-evolutionary theory of emotion. It is one of the most influential classification approaches for general emotional responses. He suggests there are eight primary emotions: anger, fear, sadness, disgust, surprise, anticipation, trust and joy. Plutchik further introduces the concept

MEN AND THEIR EMOTIONS

of emotional contagion. Emotional contagion influences the feelings of one person from another person that transition into adoptive behaviors. This explains why some individuals are influenced by others and adopt their emotions as if they were their own. It is the phenomenon of having one person’s emotions and related behaviors directly trigger similar emotions and behaviors in other individuals. A good example of this is the marketing strategies used by advertisers to push their products: “If you have this certain condition, you need this particular medication.”


The Basel researchers designed an experiment to determine whether women perform better on memory tests than men because of the way they process emotional information. The researchers exposed 3,400 participants to images of emotional content.


They found women rated the images as more emotionally stimulating than men, particularly in the case of negative images. When presented with emotionally neutral imagery, however, the men and women responded similarly.

DR. THOMAS W. MILLER, PH.D, ABPP

Thomas W. Miller, Ph.D., ABPP, is a professor emeritus and senior research scientist, Center for Health, Intervention and Prevention, University of Connecticut; retired service chief from the VA Medical Center; and tenured professor in the Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, University of Kentucky.

more articles by Dr thomas w. miller