Brain cancer is a very serious form of cancer. Recently, Sen. John McCain revealed he has been diagnosed with a primary glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) – the most aggressive type of brain tumor. GBMs originate in the brain; it does not spread there from another part of the body. The cause is not known. This tumor has no relation to melanoma, the skin cancer for which McCain was treated in the past.



Chemotherapy is a standard treatment for cancer. It kills healthy cells along with cancer cells, inflicting damage on the body and seriously compromising the immune system. Chemotherapy also kills most rapidly dividing healthy and cancer cells, but not all the cells are fast growing. Cancer stem cells (CSCs), a small population of cancer cells that are slow growing and thus resistant to treatment, do not die. Chemotherapy makes these cells even more numerous as the ratio of highly malignant cells….



For many women facing cancer, the most devastating aspect is learning they may lose their hair due to chemotherapy.  “Most women tell me that as soon as they hear the oncologist say, ‘You’re going to lose your hair,’ that’s the last thing they remember hearing,” said Eric Johnson, co-owner, with his wife, Jeletta, of Hair Institute in Lexington. “They can deal with the sickness; they can deal with the treatments; but it’s the hair loss that gets them the most.


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like a sharp pain or ache. But some men experience no chest pain at all. Diabetics can have heart attacks without feeling pain. The pain may be felt behind the sternum or to the left of it, and the discomfort may stretch from one underarm to the other.

• Shortness of breath. If you find yourself running out of breath after mild exertion or no exertion at all, you need to pay attention. Shortness of breath is a symptom that must be taken seriously.

• Anxiety and a racing pulse. Anxiety can occur for no reason, though men with anxious feelings may also find their pulses accelerating. This could lead to the heart skipping a beat, which, when coupled with chest pain, shortness of breath and feeling weak, could indicate real trouble.

• Upper-body aches and pains. You may experience pain running down one or both arms, below the chest or up in the neck and jaw. Some men report these pains start in the chest and radiate outwards.

According to the American Heart Association (AHA), more than one in three adult men has heart disease. Men around the age of 55 years are more likely than women to experience a heart attack.

Men often ignore the symptoms of a heart attack because they are uncertain about what they are feeling and don’t want to be embarrassed by a simple diagnosis, such as heartburn. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 50 percent of men who die from coronary heart disease did not know they had a heart attack because of a lack of symptoms. So it is essential for men to understand the signs and symptoms of a heart attack. These include:

• Chest pain. Chest discomfort is the most common heart attack symptom, but the nature of chest pain varies from one man to another. It can come on fast or slow; it can come and go or last for more than a few minutes. In a study published in the American Journal of Critical Care in 2008, men reported more severe chest pain than women. Most men say their symptoms occurred due to exertion. For some, the heart attack could feel like tightness in the chest, as though someone is pulling a rope around them, while for others it could be a sensation of the heart being squeezed. Some heart attack survivors described their symptoms as pressure on the chest, as if something was sitting on the middle of their chest. In other cases, survivors said it felt



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• Other signs. Cold sweats, dizziness and light-headedness or feeling sick to your stomach can all be potential signs of a heart attack. The dizziness could be strong enough to make you faint.

You may not have any of these symptoms or you may have them all. Heart attacks are tough to self-diagnose, so men who experience some of these symptoms should seek emergency medical help immediately. Ask your doctor if chewing an aspirin is advisable if heart attack symptoms develop. This may help prevent a blood clot from forming in your heart or keeps the clot from getting bigger. A study published in the Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing in 2010 found most men wait six hours before calling 911 when having heart attack symptoms. That is far too late. The faster you get to a hospital, the better your outcome will be. Don’t delay.

Sources and Resources:

•  Health Grades (

•  HealthLine (

•  Marshfield Clinic (

•  NewsMax (

•  University Health News (

•  WebMd (