FEMALE INFERTILITY HAS MANY FACTORS

Infertility means being unable to get pregnant after at least one year of trying (or six months if the woman is over age 35). Infertility results from female factors about one-third of the time and male factors about one-third of the time. If a woman keeps having miscarriages, this is also called infertility. Female infertility contributes to nearly 50 percent of all infertility cases.

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Besides damaging the cervix and Fallopian tubes, smoking increases the risk of miscarriage and ectopic pregnancy. It is also thought to age the ovaries and deplete the eggs prematurely. Stop smoking before beginning fertility treatment. Being overweight or significantly underweight may affect normal ovulation also. Getting to a healthy body mass index may increase the frequency of ovulation and likelihood of pregnancy.


Fertility tests may include ovulation testing, imaging tests, hysterosalpingography (a procedure where X-rays are taken of a woman’s reproductive tract after a dye is injected), ovarian reserve testing and other hormone testing. Rarely, the tests may also include genetic testing.


Although some women need just one or two therapies to restore fertility, some require several different types of treatment. These include taking hormones to address a hormonal imbalance, endometriosis or a short menstrual cycle; taking medications to stimulate ovulation; using supplements to enhance fertility; taking antibiotics to remove an infection; or having surgery to remove a blockage or scar tissues from the Fallopian tubes, uterus or pelvic area. If you’ve been diagnosed

FEMALE INFERTILITY HAS MANY FACTORS

HARLEENA SINGH

Harleena Singh is a professional freelance writer with a background in teaching and education. She has a keen interest in food and health related issues and can be approached through her website freelancewriter.co. Checkout her blog and network with her on Google+, Twitter, and Facebook.

more articles by harleena singh

with tubal or pelvic disease, one option is to have surgery to reconstruct the reproductive organs.


To reduce the possibility of infertility, women can take steps to prevent sexually transmitted diseases, avoid illicit drugs and heavy or frequent alcohol use, adopt good personal hygiene and health practices and have annual checkups with their gynecologist.


Dealing with infertility can be physically and emotionally exhausting. To cope with the ups and downs of infertility testing and treatment, ask your doctor to explain the process and steps. Understanding the process could help reduce your anxiety.


References:


Infertility means being unable to get pregnant after at least one year of trying (or six months if the woman is over age 35). Infertility results from female factors about one-third of the time and male factors about one-third of the time. If a woman keeps having miscarriages, this is also called infertility. Female infertility contributes to nearly 50 percent of all infertility cases.


A menstrual cycle that is too long (35 days or more), too short (fewer than 21 days), irregular or absent can mean a woman is not ovulating. Ovulation, the release of eggs from the ovaries, is the critical factor in fertility. The most common causes of female infertility include damage to the Fallopian tubes or the uterus, problems with ovulation or problems with the cervix. Physical problems, hormone problems and lifestyle or environmental factors can also affect fertility. Most cases of infertility in women result from problems with producing eggs. In premature ovarian failure, the ovaries stop functioning before natural menopause. In polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), the ovaries may not release an egg regularly or may not release a healthy egg. Sometimes the cause of infertility is never found.


Age can contribute to infertility. As a woman ages, her fertility naturally tends to decrease. In the mid-30s, the rate of follicle loss speeds up, resulting in fewer and poorer-quality eggs. This makes conception more difficult and increases the risk of miscarriage.