EYEGLASSES MAKE A FASHION STATEMENT

According to the Vision Council of America, approximately 75 percent of adults wear some sort of vision correction. People wear eyeglasses for different reasons. Some people are nearsighted and cannot see objects far away, while other people are farsighted and cannot see objects close by. Eyeglasses offer corrective vision for people who have difficulty seeing.

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LOCAL SPOTLIGHT - KENTUCKY HEALTH SOLUTIONS

It is that most wonderful time of the year—no, we are not talking about Christmas. It’s Medicare’s Annual Enrollment Season. Yes, it’s the time of the year when we stress and spend hours on the phone or online shopping for health coverage. The pain of having to shop health coverage, spend hours on the phone or online with one company vs another for our health insurance can be a daunting task. It does not matter if you are on Medicare or looking for your personal insurance, this can be one of the most….

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DO YOU HAVE 20/20 VISION

When you consider what defines healthy eyes, among the criteria is good vision. The American Optometric Association says the term 20/20 vision is used to express normal visual acuity (the clarity or sharpness of vision) measured at a distance of 20 feet. If you have 20/20 vision, you can see clearly at 20 feet what should normally be seen at that distance. Visual acuity is usually measured with a Snellen chart. It’s likely everyone has seen the Snellen chart – usually starting with a huge “E,” .....

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A newer class of injectable medications, GLP-1 agonists (Byetta and Victoza), can cause nausea and vomiting. This is often dose related, so you should start low and go slow with this type of injectable and take it 30 to 45 minutes before eating. GLP-1 agonists slow down the emptying of the stomach, which can cause a feeling of fullness.


Other Medications


Several medications used to lower blood glucose levels in Type 2 diabetes can upset the stomach. As with the injectable’s, it’s best to start with a low dose and slowly increase it until it is at the level you need. Metformin, one of the most frequently prescribed medicines for Type 2 diabetes, can cause heartburn, nausea, diarrhea and abdominal discomfort. In general, 5 percent to 10 percent of the population cannot tolerate metformin. Others report they must first have a full meal, not just a snack, prior to taking it so they do not experience abdominal and digestive difficulties. Extended-release metformin is usually more tolerable when you gradually increase the dosage over a one- to two-week period.


What Can You Do?


There are many natural remedies you can use to soothe tummy troubles. Top your food with raw parsley, which helps digestion. Incorporate ginger into your diet, either as flavor to dishes or as a tea. Drink peppermint tea. Add a tablespoon of pumpkin puree to dishes. But take note, most canned pumpkin is actually squash, so read the ingredients.

One guarantee that comes with diabetes is change, including changes in what you eat, when you eat and how much you eat at a sitting, in addition to taking new medicine(s). And one thing the stomachs and digestive systems don’t like is immediate change. The way the stomach feels, sounds and responds to these changes and the discomfort and pain in the gut caused by diabetes are not often discussed.


Changes in Eating


Foods rich in fiber are often added to a diabetic diet. Fiber can help improve abnormal cholesterol levels and can also be filling without adding unwanted calories. Rapidly increasing fiber to your diet can cause gas and bloating. To counter this, gradually increase your fiber intake. Legume, beans and lentils, are good choices for adding more fiber. When using dry legumes and beans, soak them in water and rinse them twice. This will decrease gas and bloating.


Blood Sugar Levels


Blood glucose, whether extremely high (hyperglycemia) or extremely low (hypoglycemia), can contribute to gastrointestinal distress. Hyperglycemia can cause two very serious conditions: diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) for patients with Type 1 diabetes and hyperosmolar hypoglycemic state

DIABETES AND STOMACH PAIN

ANGELA S. HOOVER

Angela is a staff writer for Health & Wellness magazine.

more articles by Angela s. hoover

(HHS) for patients with Type 2 diabetes. DKA occurs when the body has too little insulin. This causes stored fats to be broken down as an alternative fuel source, which creates a build-up of toxic acids (ketones) in the bloodstream. HHS is essentially profound dehydration that causes confusion in thought, speech and/or motor skills. Hypoglycemia can also cause thought confusion, but also adds an emotional component, feeling panicked, anxious, over-whelmed, paranoid, depressed, etc. HHS is more common in the elderly and those who have undiagnosed Type 2 diabetes. Both DKA and HHS symptoms can include abdominal pain or cramping, nausea and vomiting. Both conditions require emergency medical care.


Nausea is a symptom of hypoglycemia. Skipping meals when taking certain blood glucose-lowering medications, such as sulfonylureas or insulin, or taking too much rapid-acting insulin can also lower blood glucose. If you struggle with hypoglycemia, ask your doctor about a glucagon injection kit if you are unable to keep down food or liquids.


Injectable’s