MALE INFERTILITY

Creating a baby is no small feat. Many conditions, both in the woman and the man, have to be just right for pregnancy to occur. According to the Mayo Clinic, (www.mayoclinic.org), up to 15 percent of couples are infertile. They have not conceived a child even though they have had frequent, unprotected sexual intercourse for a year or longer. In up to half of these couples, male infertility is a significant factor.

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EXERCISE AND NUTRITION ARE KEYS TO LONG-LASTING WEIGHT LOSS

Anyone who wishes to lose weight and keep it off has to face the grim truth that this goal will never be achieved without some hard work – exercise – and a change in eating habits.  Exercise and nutrition are the key ingredients to long-lasting weight loss. The best approach is a combination of consuming fewer calories while getting more exercise. A nutritious diet works hand- in-hand with exercise to get your weight down. It is much better for your overall health to avoid pharmacological solutions

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BREAST CANCER: EARLY DISCOVERY ENHANCES SURVIVAL RATE

All women need to know about breast cancer because it can be very serious and potentially fatal. Breast cancer kills more women in the United States than any other cancer except lung cancer. Experts estimate one in eight women in the United States will be diagnosed with breast cancer during her lifetime. But the good news is that death rates are going down. Patients diagnosed with breast cancer today often do much better than in previous years.

….FULL ARTICLE

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Cold sores, also known as fever blisters, are often a winter inevitability. They are caused by the oral form of the herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1). The virus is highly contagious. According to one source, about 67 percent of the world’s population younger than 50 years old has HSV-1. Most people contract it in early childhood; it is transmitted through skin-to-skin contact. Once you are infected with it, the virus never leaves your body. Fortunately for most people, the virus remains inactive throughout their lives.


However, when the virus does wake up, cold sores may appear as red bumps or blisters on the gums and the outside of the mouth, lips and nose. You may also develop a fever or a sore throat or have swollen lymph nodes. The factors that trigger cold sores include stress, cold weather and fatigue. They usually last seven to 10 days. They are very contagious during this time period. The virus can spread from the mouth to the genitals, eyes and other parts of the body. Your doctor may examine the cold sore or take a culture from it or take a blood sample to test for antibodies.


There is no cure for cold sores. Most of the time they disappear on their own. You can ease the pain by taking ibuprofen, acetaminophen or vitamin C, applying ice and using over-the-counter numbing medicines. These medicines may reduce the duration of cold sores.

Your doctor may prescribe an anti-viral oral medication to facilitate healing. It is also a good idea to avoid spicy and acidic foods such as citrus fruits while the cold sores are active.


To prevent cold sores, be sure to:


•  wash your hands after you touch a cold sore;

•  replace your toothbrush;

•  avoid kissing someone who has a cold sore and don’t kiss anyone else when you have one;

•  use sunscreen; and

•  replace your lipstick or lip balm.


Don’t share toothbrushes, razors, water bottles, drinking glasses and silverware with someone who has a cold sore. Your best bet for avoiding cold sores is to stay healthy. A fever can trigger a cold sore outbreak, so you need to make sure you combat illness and strengthen your immunity by getting enough sleep

DEALING WITH COLD SORES

and exercise, eating healthily and staying hydrated. Hydration protects your lips from the dry air that comes with being inside during the winter. It may be a good idea to get a humidifier for your home. In addition, use products that will guard your lips against chapping caused by the wind and sunlight (even in the wintertime, the sun’s rays can cause damage). Soothe a sore mouth with a rinse that contains baking soda. Dress in layers to protect your body when it’s cold, including wearing hats and scarves.


If you do develop a cold sore, keep it clean by washing it gently with soap and water. It can become more serious if it leads to a bacterial infection, especially in people who have weakened or impaired immune systems.

DR. WESLEY W. JOHNSON

Dr. Wesley W. Johnson completed his family practice residency at the University of Kentucky in November 2004, joining Family Practice Associates of Lexington in December 2004. Dr. Johnson’s particular interests include chronic disease management, pediatrics and aviation medicine.

more articles by dr Johnson