SAFE CAMPING

Some people love the great outdoors and are willing to pitch a tent in the nearest glade and set up a rustic campsite. Other people prefer to camp with all the comforts of home in an RV or trailer. (This is often called “glamping.”) Whatever your preference, being prepared is essential for a safe and successful camping trip.  “Being prepared for emergency situations is critical when people are out in remote areas with limited access to phone service, hospitals and emergency help,” said Don Lauritzen.

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LET YOUR KIDS STOP AND SMELL THE ROSES AT THE ARBORETUM

Are you looking for something that can provide your children a very special opportunity? Something that at the same time will allow them to experience stimulating sensations? The place you seek is right here in Lexington on the campus of the University of Kentucky. The Arboretum is Kentucky’s state botanical garden and includes the Home Demonstration Garden, the Rose Garden and the Fragrance Garden.  Start your exploration with a stop at the Dorotha Smith Oatts Visitor Center, which is open Monday through Friday....

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KEEPING KIDS ACTIVE IN THE SUMMER

Kids these days are heading down the path leading to a sedentary lifestyle, and that makes it important for adults to spark a passion for activity in them. This will keep their bodies, brains and development on track. Summer is the right time to get them moving.

Here are five ways to encourage your kids to live and love an active and healthier lifestyle outdoors.

….FULL ARTICLE

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Individuals who are at risk for pneumonia should discuss prevention and vaccination with their primary care physician. Vaccinations protect against certain bacterial and viral pneumonia's both in children and adults.


Sources and Resources:


Centers for Disease Control

Mayo Clinic

Pneumonia is a common lung infection caused by bacteria and viruses that are present in the air we breathe. The immune system usually fights these invaders off, preventing them from infecting the lungs, but there are occasions when the germs can overpower the immune system.


Pneumonia has been known throughout human history. Hippocrates and Maimonides recognized pneumonia in the early history of medicine. Today pneumonia can be treated effectively with medications, but complications can present serious problems for vulnerable individuals. High-risk groups include infants, children, the elderly and those who are immune impaired.


Pneumonia and its symptoms can vary from mild to severe. One of the most serious complications is pleural effusion, which is the accumulation of fluid in the thin space between the layers of tissue that line the lungs and chest cavity. When this fluid accumulation becomes infected, you may need to have it drained through a chest tube or surgically removed.


Another complication involves bacteria that enters the bloodstream from the lungs. When this occurs, the infection can spread to other organs, potentially causing organ failure. With a lung abscess, pus forms in a cavity in the lung. The abscess is usually treated with antibiotics. Sometimes surgery or drainage with a long needle or tube placed into the abscess is needed to remove the puss.

COMPLICATIONS OF PNEUMONIA

When the pneumonia is severe or a person has chronic underlying lung diseases, the individual often develops breathing difficulties. This is when a ventilator becomes necessary to help the patient breathe while the infected lung heals.


Under normal circumstances, only air should enter the airways. Aspiration pneumonia occurs when a person inhales food, drink, vomitus or saliva into the lungs. It is more likely to happen if something is preventing the normal gag reflux. It can occur as a result of a brain injury, stroke, cerebral palsy, a swallowing problem or excessive use of alcohol or drugs. Some individuals, such as people with cerebral palsy, may find viruses and bacteria get into their lungs through the mouth and cause repeated incidences of aspiration pneumonia.


The epiglottis makes food travel toward the esophagus and away from the trachea. If the epiglottis doesn’t close the way it is supposed to, this causes a gag reflex, which can result in the deterioration of the epiglottis. When it does not work correctly, aspiration pneumonia can occur because food and liquid carrying bacteria enters the lungs.

DR. THOMAS W. MILLER, PH.D, ABPP

Thomas W. Miller, Ph.D., ABPP, is a professor emeritus and senior research scientist, Center for Health, Intervention and Prevention, University of Connecticut; retired service chief from the VA Medical Center; and tenured professor in the Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, University of Kentucky.

more articles by Dr thomas w. miller