HELP YOUR CHILDREN GROW AND LEARN

A healthy, nutritious diet helps children grow and learn. It also helps prevent weight-related diseases, such as diabetes and obesity. Children need different amounts of specific nutrients at different ages. They need to eat three meals daily and have healthy snacks in between. The more active your child is, the more calories he or she needs. Here are some ways to encourage your child to follow a nutritious diet:

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SODIUM AND YOUR HEALTH

Sodium is an essential mineral for life. It is regulated in the body by the kidneys. It helps control the body’s fluid balance, affects muscle function and helps send nerve impulses. An Australian study showed the brain responds to sodium in the same way it responds to substances such as cocaine and heroin, which may explain why we tend to overindulge in high-sodium foods.

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HEALTHY EATING TIPS

A balanced healthy diet should contain a variety of nutritious foods and sufficient vitamins and minerals. Such a diet can help you maintain a healthy body weight and reduce your risk of many diet-related problems, such type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease and some cancers. It’s recommended men have around 2,500 calories a day and women 2,000 calories a day. Studies indicate eating a typical Western diet filled with packaged meals, takeout foods, processed meats and sugary snacks may lead to stress, high rates of depression....

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Watt watched a kettle boil; Roentgen fogged some photographic plates. And these people knew enough to translate ordinary happenings into something new.”

It staggers the mind to think about how many people have died throughout human history prior to the advent of antibiotics. Also known as antibacterials, these compounds either eradicate or slow disease-causing bacterial growth. Most were developed and first used between 1907 and 1985. Alfred Bertheim and Paul Ehrlich first discovered arsphenamine in 1907. It was effectively used to treat many cases of then-rampant syphilis. In 1928, Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin, which, of course, has since saved millions of lives. Fleming received the Nobel Prize in 1945. Previously, Gerhard Domagk received the Nobel Prize in 1939 for developing prontosil, the first antibacterial drug.


Many discoveries and developments have followed these innovations and have saved and helped countless lives. Like many breakthroughs, however, antibiotics are a double-edged sword. When they are used too much, new strains of bacteria can develop as the old ones become resistant to and mutate outside the antibiotic scope.


It’s necessary to differentiate between diseases and illnesses caused by bacteria and those that are more viral in nature. Antibacterials are just that: They fight bacteria. If your illness is viral, your doctor will not prescribe this range of drugs because they would have no impact. Many other factors can affect antibiotics as well, such as other drugs the patient may be using, pregnancy, adverse side effects and how far the infection has progressed

ANTIBIOTICS AND YOU

CHARLES SEBASTIAN

Charles Sebastian is a staff writer for Health & Wellness magazine.

more articles by charles sebastian

Dr. Arjun Srinivasan, an associate director at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, says we are now moving into a “post-antibiotic” phase. He says we are quickly running out of therapies to treat infections that previously had been eminently treatable.


“There are bacteria we encounter, particularly in health-care settings, that are resistant to nearly all the antibiotics we have available,” Srinivasan said. “We are thus entering an era that people have talked about for a long time. Newspaper stories and covers of magazines have talked about ‘The end of antibiotics?’ Now I would say you can change the title to ‘The end of antibiotics, period.’”


The answer? We must be careful not to overuse antibacterials. As bacteria mutate and become less manageable and more resistant, those suffering from even the simplest infections will not have the option of treatment, given the resistance built up over time.


Not long after his discovery of penicillin, Alexander Fleming said, “For the birth of something new, there has to be a happening. Newton saw an apple fall; James